Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Mucus in Urine

A mucus is a slippery fluid produced by the lining tissues in the body. There are three forms of mucus: the crystals, threads, and secretions. 

Mucus is commonly found in the urinary tract, specifically in the woman’s vagina and uterus and man’s penis and urethra. The mucus membrane is the one responsible for having mucus in urine. It gets mixed with the urine considering that the mucus membrane is situated in the urethra and the lining of the urinary bladder. (1)

What does it mean when you have mucus in your urine?

It is common to have mucus in urine. However, if the number of mucus in the urine gets out of control, it could indicate possible health problem. An immediate medical attention should be given to the patient.

 Image 1: A comparison image of a normal urine and urine filled with blood
Photo Source : www.bloodtestsresults.com

Figure 2 : A comparison image of a healthy bladder and a bladder with cancer
Picture Source : images.wisegeek.com

What are the causes of mucus in urine?

  • Normal discharge – Mucus is one of the common components of the urine primarily because it is found in the urethra and the membranes of the bladder.
  • Urinary tract infections (UTI) – An infection in the urinary tract is more common in women than men. It can develop if the bacteria enters the urinary tract. In severe cases, it can cause damage to the epithelium of the mucus membrane. A presence of mucus threads in the urine suggests a urinary tract infection.
  • Sexually transmitted disease (STD) – Too many mucus in the urine can be linked with sexually transmitted disease, specifically gonorrhoea and chlamydia.
  • Ulcerative colitis – The presence of mucus in the urine came from the anus that mixes with the urine.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) – The same thing goes with the ulcerative colitis, the mucus in the anus gets mixed with the urine.
  • Kidney stones – If you have kidney stones, the amount of mucus in the urine will increase significantly. You will experience severe pain when urinating along with dark colored urine.
  • Bladder cancer – This condition can cause mucus in the urine. It causes painful urination and blood in the urine. (2, 3,4)

Types of mucus in urine

The two primary types of mucus in the urine are mucus threads and mucus corpuscles. Mucus thread is in the form of fiber bundled together forming an irregular and longitudinal fragment. On the other hand, mucus corpuscles are somewhat the same as the pus cells.

To find out whether there are many mucus threads in urine, a urinalysis or urine test will be conducted. The mucus thread cannot be seen by the naked eye. If you look at your urine, you will notice that it is cloudy and foul. (5)

What is epithelial cells in urine test?

A few epithelial cells are present in the urine sediment. However, an increased number of epithelial cells is an indicator that something wrong in your body. It could indicate an inflammation, infection, and malignancies. It is the reason why the number of epithelial cells in the urine is checked when conducting urinalysis. (9)

What is amorphous Urates in urine?

The amorphous urates are crystals, which are found in the urine of a healthy person. Amorphous urate is a result of the refrigeration process of the urine sample. Its presence in the urine does not have diagnostic implications.

However, there are instances when the presence of amorphous urate can interfere with the diagnosis of the real health problem because it sticks to the mucus threads. Laboratory professionals will use special technique to separate amorphous urate from other components of the urine. (9)
 

Mucus in urine during pregnancy

During pregnancy, an increased mucus is found in the urine. It is associated with urinary tract infection or so-called bladder infection. Pregnant women are at risk for UTI, especially in the six weeks to 24 weeks of pregnancy.

When a woman is pregnant, there are certain changes in the urinary tract. It has something to do with the anatomical position of the uterus. The uterus is on top of the bladder and as it grows, it can directly affect the drainage of the urine from the bladder. It is the reason why there is an increase in mucus threads in urine during pregnancy.

About 5% of pregnant women get urinary tract infection during pregnancy. Some pregnant women experienced pain during urination, abdominal discomfort, and flank pain. (6)

Women in their second and third trimester of pregnancy may have an increase protein in the urine. The condition is called proteinuria, which could be an early warning sign of preeclampsia. Pregnant women’s blood pressure rises too. It shouldn’t be taken lightly. Preeclampsia is a serious condition that requires strict monitoring.

Women’s hormone during pregnancy changes too, which could lead to cloudy urine. It is associated with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or also known as the pregnancy hormone. This hormone increases significantly and will find its way to the urine, which makes the urine cloudy.

In some instances, the urine does not only get cloudy but smelly too. The unusual smell is linked with phosphate crystals and is primarily caused by the food you eat. It could be associated with drinking milk high in phosphate, which is common in pregnant women. A cloudy urine can be associated with vitamin B and C intake. Pregnant women take vitamin B complex, which makes the urine a bit cloudy. (7, 8)

How to get rid of thick mucus in urine?

To come up with effective treatment, the cause of mucus in urine should be established. An antibiotic should be used if the cause of mucus is urinary tract infection. If it is associated with other disease conditions such as ulcerative colitis or irritable bowel syndrome, the digestive condition should be addressed. It is a combination of drugs and lifestyle and diet modification.

In some instances, an anti-inflammatory drug is used to decrease the number of mucus in urine. As mentioned above, sexually transmitted disease can also cause increase mucus in the urine. If it is the cause, then it should be addressed accordingly.

Keeping the body well hydrated is also another simple way to get rid and prevent outrageous number of mucus in urine. (10)

References:

  1. www.belmarrahealth.com
  2. www.doctorshealthpress.com
  3. www.webmd.com
  4. www.newhealthadvisor.com
  5. www.tandurust.com
  6. americanpregnancy.org
  7. www.pregnancy-baby-care.com
  8. www.babymed.com
  9. www.medhealthdaily.com
  10. www.thebump.com